Updates on Canada-U.S. Preclearance: The LRMA and Preclearance Act, 2016


Here at JORI International Ltd., we care about your business and strive to keep you updated on the latest information on how the new LRMA and Preclearance Act can affect you.


What is the LRMA? The Agreement on Land, Rail, Marine, and Air Transport Preclearance between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of Canada (LRMA) provides the framework to expand preclearance to all modes of transport, including commercial cargo. Signed in March of 2015 as a commitment to the 2011 Beyond the Border Action Plan, the LRMA has been implemented through the Preclearance Act, 2016 and ratified as of August 15, 2019.


What’s changed? This new agreement will override the existing 2001 U.S.-Canada Agreement on Air Transport Preclearance implemented under the Preclearance Act of 1999. The LRMA now provides extended coverage for preclearance towards land, rail, and marine transport as well as cargo operations. This gives Canada the ability to conduct customs processing in the U.S. and vice versa. So far, cargo preclearance has been limited to several pilot projects such as the Bi-National Rail Cargo Pre-Screening Pilot. These pilots will serve as lead indicators to review the feasibility of future opportunities for Canadian cargo preclearance in the U.S. according to Scott Bardsley, a spokesman for Public Safety Minister Ralph Goodale.


If you have any questions or concerns, we advise you to please contact your JORI Representative at your earliest convenience.


Learn more about the LRMA here: https://www.treaty-accord.gc.ca/text-texte.aspx?id=105453

Learn more about the Preclearance Act, 2016 here: https://laws-lois.justice.gc.ca/eng/acts/P-19.32/page-1.html